Salisbury

Rhodesia's Capital City

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Salisbury, capital of Rhodesia, in late 1977 looking south west.

Above: Salisbury, capital of Rhodesia, in late 1977 looking south west.

The wooded Kopje may be seen in the middle distance just below the power station cooling towers.

The recently completed Earl Grey Building housing government offices is prominent in the centre foreground.

The Monomotapa Hotel faces Salisbury Gardens to the right just in front of Livingstone House.

Below: as it was less than 90 years before.

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The first camp at Salisbury, September 1890

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

The first camp at Salisbury, September 1890.    Photo by William Ellerton Fry

Note the Kopje to the right from which many views of Rhodesia's capital

have been taken down the years.

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A House in Salisbury, Rhodesia 1890s

One of the first houses in Salisbury as lived in by the early pioneers.

The materials used can clearly be seen:

poles and dagga (dried mud) with a thatched roof.

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Salisbury in 1895, Pioneer Street in the foreground

Salisbury in 1895; Pioneer Street in the foreground

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Salisbury in June 1896.

Salisbury in June 1896 - click on picture for a closer view.

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"Salisbury Club, boys watching Coronation Parade , Cecil Square 1902"

"Salisbury Club, boys watching Coronation Parade in Cecil Square 1902"

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Salisbury from Jameson Ave looking towards the Kopje, 1903

Salisbury from Jameson Ave looking towards the Kopje, 1903.

This is a similar view to that shown in the second photo just 13 years before.

The cathedral/church is at centre left.

(Take a closer look by clicking on the picture.)

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Salisbury from Day's Rooms in the early 1900s

An interesting print of the capital a few years later in the early 1900s giving an impression of life at street level.

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First Street, Salisbury c 1905

First Street, Salsibury c 1905 looking North from Manica Road

 

Salisbury, Rhodesia from the Kopje 1912

Salisbury, Rhodesia from the Kopje 1912

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Salisbury Hospital completed 1914

Salisbury's fine new hospital pictured shortly after completion in 1914.

The amazingly rapid progress of civilistion is striking when compared with the first pictures at the top of this page taken a short 24 years earlier.

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Meikles Hotel under construction 1914

Meikles Hotel under construction 1914

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The Club, Salisbury 1915

The Club, facing Cecil Square, Salisbury 1915

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Manica Road looking west 1914

Manica Road looking west, 1914

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Manica Road, Salisbury in 1919 looking east.

Manica Road, Salisbury in 1919 looking east.

Manica Road was the principal business and shopping street at this time.

First Street slowly grew in importance and became predominant from about 1950 onwards.

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Salisbury, Rhodesia from the Kopje - 1929

Progress by 1929

Apart from more buildings, the main point of note is the large number of trees which have been planted.

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Salisbury from the Kopje - 1930

Salisbury from the Kopje - 1930

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Salisbury in the 1950s

Salisbury in the mid 1950s

Kingsway, Salisbury looking north towards Jameson Avenue.

Kingsway at Jacaranda Time - looking north towards Jameson Ave.

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City of Salisbury, capital of Rhodesia in 1974

City of Salisbury, capital of Rhodesia in 1974

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.Christmas Lights, First Street, Salisbury, 1974

First Street looking South from Jameson Avenue 1974

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Salisbury was founded in 1890 when it was chosen as the site for Rhodesia's future capital. 

The Pioneer Column halted here on 12th September and the next day the Union Flag was formally raised.

The settlement was named in honour of the then Prime Minister of Britain: Lord Salisbury.

The settlement grew into a town and in 1935 it was granted the status of a city.

The city lies at an altitude of about 1 472 metres / 4,829 feet above sea level.

The estimated population in various years (where known) was as follows:

Year
1899
1904
1907
1911
1921
1926
1931
1936
1941
1946
1951
1961
1969
1977
European
1 600
1 725
1 685
4 914
6 462
7 324
9 619
11 392
18 179
21 294
40 510
96 800
118 900
African
12 096
280 000
430 000
Asiatic
326
4 060
4 700
Coloured
337
5 140
 7 800
Total
20 083
386 000
561 000

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.Salisbury from the Kopje in 1976

Salisbury as it was in 1976.

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Livingstone House taken from Salisbury Gardens, 1974

Livingstone House taken from Salisbury Gardens, 1974

The next two photos were taken from the top.

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Salisbury Gardens looking North from Livingstone House , 1977

Looking North over Salisbury Gardens from Livingstone House before the rains.

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Jameson Ave, Salisbury taken from atop Livingstone House, 1977

Jameson Ave, Salisbury looking East from atop Livingstone House, 1977

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Montagu Avenue, Salisbury 1932

Montagu Avenue, Salisbury as painted by ME Halford 1932

(Marguerite was known to family & friends as "Daisy")

and

below my own photograph from 1977

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Montagu Avenue, Salisbury 1977

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